Bosnia is called as Bosnia-Herzegovina as well. Bosnia is located in southeastern Europe, on the Balkan peninsula. Bosnian capital city is Sarajevo, it is also the largest city of its country. Bosnian borders with Serbia to the east, Croatia to the north, west and south, and Montenegro to the southeast. Bosnia has just the 20 kilometers (12 miles) surrounding the city Neum on the coastline of Adriatic sea, except this coast line Bosnia is almost landlocked country. Elsewhere such as the central and southern interior, Bosnia is mountainous. Bosnia is rich in historical places and spiritual centers such as mosques and churches along with waterfalls and rivers. Fifty things that you can do in in Bosnia along with your family are as follows: www.travelrows.com
1. Stari Most, Mostar
Stari Most is the most famous star sight to be found in the city of Mostar, one of the very beautiful tourist spots in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The bridge dates back to 16th century, from the Ottoman period and was damaged during the War in the year 1993 and renovated completely to give it the original look. The bridge is used for connecting the 2 parts of Mostar which name is often translated as “bridge-keeper”. It was built during the control of sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and was the broadest man-made arch then. The bridge is considered a great architecture accomplishment.
2. Kravica Waterfalls
Kravica Waterfalls is the most attractive waterfall in Bosnia and Herzegovina and this beautiful waterfull is formed by the waters of river Trebizat. They are arranged in semicircle rock faces as the crystal water pours down into amazing water pool which is completely filled with the emerald waters. The water falls approximately from 30 meters of height, one of the best reasons for visiting this place is for the stunning forest which you will find around the waterfalls. If you are interested in adrenaline can jump in the waterfalls while the others can contemplate the magnificent beauty of this natural masterpiece. It is said that the best time to enjoy the Kravica Waterfalls is spring.
3. Sarajevo Cathedral
Sarajevo Cathedral is also very famously known as the Cathedral of Jesus’ Heart. It is the largest Catholic cathedral in entire Bosnia and is situated in the Old Town of the capital city Sarajevo and it serves as the seat of Vrhbosanski Archbishop. It was built around late 19th century and resembles the Notre Dame cathedral in Paris, which can be seen in the combination of neo-Gothic style and Romanesque architecture. One of the most impressive statues inside is of Jesus pointing his heart.
Bascarsija is considered as one the famous hubs of the old town and offers numerous attractions to its visitors. The main attraction of Sarajevo, mainly in Turkish style, shops, places to eat and drink, just enjoy the atmosphere. This is where all the trams head for and the pigeons are here as well. The Bosnians have there own coffee places and cafes serving cevapi and the like.
5. mounts Bjelasnica and Jahorina
It is considered that the mounts Bjelasnica and Jahorina are the crown jewels in the mountain sport in Bosnia. Bjelasnica is very famous because it has the highest peak attainment 2063 meters and on the other hand the mount Jahorina is 1913 meters high. Both the mountains are ideal tourist destinations in Bosnia and if you admire skiing and hiking then this spot is the best for you. They also hosted some of the races in the Winter Olympics in the year 1984. Both mounts are located near Sarajevo but still offer amazing mountain adventures far from the city lights.
6. Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic Bridge
The main attraction in Visnegrad is the Bridge of Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic and is another spectacular example of Ottoman architecture. The bridge was constructed in the 16th century and commissioned by the Grand Vizier Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic. Presently the bridge is part of UNESCO World Heritage List for its incredible historical value. The Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic Bridge contains of 11 arches with width from 11 to 15 meters and almost 180 meters long and is frequently awarded as one of the greatest constructions made by the court architect Mimar Koca Sinan. On your tour to Bosnia don’t forget to experience the unique combination of eminence, beauty and Ottoman tradition.
7. Neretva River
In Dinaric Alps the biggest and the most beautiful karst river is the Neretva River. It is considered as one of the best scenic areas in Bosnia. In the River you can find many springs, waterfalls and glacial lakes which make more interesting to explore it. The Neretva River has been blessed with some of the coldest and purest waters in the world. The upper part of Neretva is bordered by many prehistoric ruins, Greek and Roman villas and medieval forts. Currently you can enjoy rafting, swimming and exploring the magical Neretva River.
8. Sutjeska Monument
The Sutjeska Monument is one of the famous Monuments of Bosnia. It is situated in the Sutjeska National Park which established in the year 1962. The park has both historical and ecological value because it preserves the last 2 primitive forests in Europe. On this very place led by Josip Tito, the Partisans have defeated the German soldiers. The monument consists of two confronting rocks as a symbol of the historical events happened on this field. Don’t miss the chance to explore the place that has been a representation of bravery, sacrifice and dignity of the Yugoslav soldiers.
9. Tara River Canyon
Another breath taking national beauties of Bosnia is the Tara River Canyon which is a part of the Tara National Park. It is 82 kilometers long and it is 1300 meters deep. This record makes it the deepest canyon in Europe. The river here has a beautiful view of water falling with incredible speed which forms many waterfalls and cascades as well as the amazing Tara River Canyon. It has been considered as one of the best places for tourist and for rafting lovers. It is also surrounded by superb tall trees, that crystal clear water will fascinate you with its beauty surely.
Neum is the only coastal city in Bosnia which is situated at 60 kilometers from the Croatian jewel Dubrovnik. It is blessed with numerous sunny days in a year and mild winters. The city has been populated from the 6th century and resent years started developing. You will sure enjoy exploring the Old Town of Neum and also the stunning view towards the Adriatic Sea. Neum is considered one of the best tourist centers and offers jet skiing, scuba-diving, boating, and parasailing and of course sunbathing. So come and explore this beautiful city.
Medjugorje is a tiny town of Bosnia which is situated quite close to the Croatian border and it has become very popular among pilgrims. In the year 1981 many children claimed to have seen the Virgin Mary who appeared before them. She appear to continue for seven days in which she has prayed with them and shared secrets. According to local legends, the children who have witnessed that miracle continue to see Virgin Mary even though they no longer live there. You shouldn’t miss the St. James Parish Church, the Adoration Chapel, Apparition Hall and the Cross Mountain in this enchanting Bosnian village.
12. Gazi Husrev Bey’s Mosque
Bey’s mosque was constructed in the year 1530 which represents the most beautiful Islamic architecture in Bosnia. Gazi Husrev-bey constructed this impressive mosque, he was Herzegovinian by his father and his mother was a princess Selguicca, the daughter of Sultan Bayazit II. When he came to Sarajevo he played a major role in the development and progress of the town. The mosque has a middle area with sections of semi-domes. Bellow the central area is a circular gallery with a wooden balustrade. The minaret is more than 45 meter high. It is considered as one of the best historical and religious places in Bosnia.
13. The turkish house
The turkish house is also popularly known as the Biscevica house which comes from Ottoman’s period during 17th Century and recently started serving as a museum. The house was separated to women’s and men’s divisions. Right inside the Turkish house you can see all the treasure of Ottoman’s period, as carpets, wooden furniture, dishes and so on. It is a 350 year old house from the Turkish period. You will also find a wonderful view from the second floor window. The courtyard is a nice place to rest.
14. Eternal Flame
Eternal Flame is a monument to Bosnians killed during the Second World War which is situated at the end of pedestrian Ferhadija, where it meets Marshal Tito Street, Sarajevo`s Sarajevo had been occupied by Nazi and Croatian forces for four years before it was freed in 1946. This was dedicated to those civilians and military of Bosnia who lost their lives in World War II.
15. Academy of fine arts
You will find the Academy of Arts is located in the building of the former Evangelical Church. It was raised at the end of the 19th century during Austro Hungarian times when many Protestants came to Sarajevo. It is a fine example of Austrian Period.When I was there it was under renovation. It was constructed during the years 1898 and 1899, according to the design of Karlo Paržik. This place of worship architecturally expresses the early Christian- Byzantine style. In the beginning there was only the church building, and a decade later wings were added in the same style.
16. Karadozbegova Mosque
The Karadozbegova Mosque is considered the finest example of Islamic architecture constructed in the year 1557. It’s also considered to be the most beautiful mosque in Hercegovina. You can walk in the grounds for free, enter the mosque for 3KM and climb the minaret for 5KM. it is also the most famous mosque in Mostar. It dates back to the 1500′s. We thought it was quite a beautiful and peaceful area to sspend some time. Although it is plainly decorated, as it was badly damage during the war it is still quite beautiful. It has stone walls everywhere and a courtyard with a fountain.
17. Karadjoz-Bey Mosque
Karadjoz-Bey Mosque was constructed in the year 1557 which is to be found on the main shopping street, the. It has a wooden-roofed veranda and also annex with four domes which is now being used as a clinic. After the War they made it a point to reconstruct of this, the city’s largest mosque presetnly it stands in full glory. While Mostar has a wide variety of magnificent mosques, the most famous and largest mosque is the Karadjozbey Mosque which is located to the north of the Stari Most on Brace Fejica. The large dome and towering minaret makes this mosque the largest mosque.
18. Old Orthodox Church
It is said that the Old Orthodox Church was burnt down several times. The current structure was built at around 1740 and the church tower was added in the 19th century. During the 1990′s siege the Old Orthodox Church was heavily destroyed. You will find that the interior is full of pictures and icons. Outside is an information board in three languages. The 1991 census says there were 157526 Serbs in Sarajevo, following the Bosnian war few Serbs remain, most moved out to the suburbs and elsewhere.
19. Clock tower
The Clock Tower which is also known as Sahat Kula is 30 meters tall is one of the famous spots in Bosnia. In the early years it was reconstructed twice and after the Austro-Hungarian era it was even extended. The current clock was made in 1873 in London. It shows the time by the Islamic lunar calendar, which means noon is defined at the moment of sunset in Sarajevo. You will find this beautiful Clock Tower just next to the west side of the Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque. It is one of the tallest structures in the historic old town (Bascarsija).
20. Radobolja River
The narrow Radobolja River divides onto two before entering the Neretva and contributes significantly to the charm and character of the western bank. This area was one of the favourite spots in Mostar, especially at night when it becomes mesmerizing. Following stone steps down from Onescukova Street you will come to the crooked bridge, which crosses this small river. Along each bank of the river you have old stone buildings and houses, some obviously replicated, but others are surviving centuries old buildings.
21. Sniper Alley
It is said that Ulica Zmaja od Bosne was one of the most dangerous streets to cross during the blockade of Sarajevo, Serbian snipers hidden in nearby hills would open fire on anyone daring to cross the street that linked the industrial area to the cultural center, earning the street the moniker “Sniper Alley”. It is also predictable that 60 children died crossing Sniper Alley. United Nations vehicles would sometimes provide cover for those needing to cross the street; citizens would hover behind the car as it slowly drove across the street. The buildings along this street were heavily damaged, and many facades have not been repaired.
22. Gradska trzinca or city market
It is one of the best market halls where you can do some excellent shopping. The historic building of the city Market Hall is also known as Markale. It has been designed by architect August Butcha in 1895, where the main facade follows the ancient architecture and side facades resemble mainly neo-renaissance style. It is best place to buy dairy products and meats
23. Brusa Bezistan – City museum
The history of the domed Brusa Bezistan complex is from the Ottoman era at that time it was constructed as a covered market place. During the recent war it was heavily damaged, but has been re-established lately. Today the building is part of the Sarajevo Museum and serves as the City Museum. On display are all sorts of items related to the city history from antiquity to the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
24. Sebilj fountain
You will find this beautiful Sebilj fountain right in the middle of the big square in Bašcaršija, it is surrounded by pigeons all day. You will surely love the way the locals feed the pigeons. The fountain itself is made out of wood and it’s the symbol of the city and probably one of the most fotographed structures in Sarajevo. Together with the spires of the city behind it and the pigeons around it it’s a great photo motif.
25. Olympic stadium
Olympic Stadium is an important stadium for the residents of Sarajevo built in the year 1984 and one of the favorite tourist spots. The stadium was first built in the 1940s, and then updated and reconstructed to accommodate the Olympic Games. Presently it is known as “Asim Ferhatović Hase Stadium”, named after a famous Bosnian football/soccer player. In 1997 the stadium hosted a famous concert by U2. Only two years after the war ended the concert brought together Bosnian and Serbian residents, if only for a brief period of time.
26. Tunnel museum
It was during the blockade of Sarajevo, Serbian forces had the entire city of Sarajevo surrounded. For the people of the city, a secret tunnel under the airport’s runway which was declared by NATO to be a no-fire zone was their only connection to the outside world, and the only way in which they could get access to clothing, food, medical supplies and, yes, arms. It took workers a period of 6 months to dig the tunnel from the yard of a private residence to the Bosnian-held zone on the opposite side of the runway. The tunnel was only 1.5 meters high and one meter wide, but was almost one kilometer in length. Nearly twenty million tons of food entered the city through the tunnel, and about one million passed through the tunnel, one way or the other.
27. National lybrary
One of the most important landmarks in Sarajevo is the famous The National Library which was built in pseudo-Moorish style after plans of Alexander Wittek during the era of Austrian rule during the late 19th century. The National Library is situated right on the bank of the river Mijacka quite close to the bridge Seher Cehajin Most. After completion the building was once used as the town hall and later it became home to the National Library. It is said that it has two million books were shattered during a massive shelling of the building in the recent war (25.08.1992). Nowadays the building is still a ruin and used for free of charge art exhibitions, which gives you the chance to see the interior of the building.
28. Miljacka river
The Miljacka runs through the heart of the city. A public walk was also constructed with the river in Austrian times. Along the river, next to one of the older bridges is where Gavrilo Princip murdered the Austrian Heir Apparent, Franz Ferdinand, an his wife in 1914, precipitating WWI. There used to be footsteps in the sidewalk, representative his position. These have been removed since the war of the 90′s.
29. Emperor’s mosque
Emperor’s mosque which is also locally known as Careva dzamija was constructed in the year 1566 with the order of Sultan Suleiman the Great. The central section of the mosque is the oldest part, to which two wings with arcades were added in 1800. During the year 1848 were both wings connected via a door to the central prayer area. The Isa Bey hammam were the oldest in Bosnia but were demolished at 1889 by fire and following flood, but two years later were rebuilt.
30. Tara and Halebija Towers
Mostar is named after the guardians of the bridge, The Mostari and actually the 2 stone guardians on either side of the bridge are named Tara and Halebija, the 2 very famous and strong 17th century towers of immense strength and beauty. On the west bank, sat amidst a huddle of smaller buildings, the Halebija stretches out an iron hand above the bridge. This was the armory.
31. The front line
During the blockade of Mostar the front line of the battle formed along Bulevar Revolucije. The street became a no-mans land, littered with shells, lacerated by bullets, and gutted by fire. Some of the street is under reconstruction, but there are still plenty of buildings bearing the scars of war. After the beauty of the old town, it’s a serious experience but actually an significant sight in order to understand the psyche of this city.
It is said that the steep which is quite vertical, banks of the river Neretva, with the many natural rock platforms, make it perfect for divers. It adds to that a wonderful, towering bridge from which the best and bravest divers can show off their skills. Their breathtaking leaps don’t come free, and are attended by much drama and play acting. It’s not a scam – they will dive. They just want to drum up as much money for the performance as possible.
33. General Post Office
The famous General Post Office was constructed in secessionist style at the beginning of the 20th century. The severe scars from the early 1990′s war have been removed recently. The Sarajevo’s General Post Office was designed by the famous architect Josip Vancas. Especially well worth-seeing is the large bright main hall with its massive wooden tables. It is located on the right bank of the river Mijacka, just a short walk from the touristy city centre.
34. Svrzina Kuca – Svrzo’s house
Svrzo’s house is the traditional Bosnian-Ottoman Muslim house in what used to be privileged quarters of Sarajevo of Curcica brijeg (Curcic hill), it is an extension of Carsija towards its northern side. The house was reconstructed by well-known Gloðo family mostly during 18th century (it was damaged by fire) and later became Svrzo family property through marriage whom lived there until 1952 when it was sold to Museum of Sarajevo; opened for public in 1965. Complex consists of 3 buildings and two courtyards. The courtyards are indispensible parts of the traditional house, hidden behind the wall, with stone paved surface.
35. Inat kuca (Spite House)
When the town hall was constructed by the Austro-Hungarian inhabitant of Bosnia-Herzegovina the private house of an immovable local resident, Benderija, was supposed to be destroyed along with the Turkish baths which both stood there. Benderija insist quite a few ducats as well as that the responsible people would move his house to the oth0er side of Miljacka River. And that’s what they did. That’s why the house is called the Inat kuca (Spite House).
36. Old Town
It is well said about the old town of Mostar that it is such a beautiful place like something torn out of the pages of a medieval storybook. The perfect white minarets stretch smoothly up to the sky, contrasting with the rusticated stone grey homes and walls that stumble down the steep banks to the river. This town has been considered as a town of fairytales with beautiful green mountains, blue sky and a crystal azure river. The old town is on the east side of the river, although it stretches out across to the west near the Old Bridge. The town is considered to be the most stunning urban area in Bosnia.
37. Latin Bridge
Latin Bridge is one of the most popular Bridges of Bosnia. Although, The River Miljacka is crossed by several bridges, but the most famous is the Latin Bridge. It was near here that Franz Ferdinand and is wife Sophie was assassinated in the year 1914, the action that triggered the start of World War 1. At the bridge you will find a small Museum with photos and gun of assassination.
38. Koski Mehmed Pasha Mosque
Koski Mehmed Pasha Mosque is one of the famous mosques of Bosnia, it is said that the Koski Mehmed Pasha Mosque possesses the best views of the old bridge in the entire city. A mighty claim to make and it backs it up with some stunning scene from its courtyard. Here you can also climb the minaret for 5KM. The entire place is well looked after, with water continuously sating the plants, and a sweeper endlessly removing unseen dust from the cobbled paths.
39. Crooked Bridge
Crooked Bridge is a famous tourist spot in Bosnia, although Mostar is famous for the Stari Most, and equally famous among the bridge-lovers of the world it’s little sister- the Crooked Bridge. Just a block or two west of the main bridge, it isthe little Crooked Bridge is a petite one-arch bridge with quite a lot of tourists. Though it was destroyed during the war but thankfully then reconstructed, but then swept away again during a flood.
40. Sculptures of Banja Luka I
Banja Luka is to be found in the modern city along with many cultures sight. You will find here a lot of interesting sculptures, statues and monuments. One of interesting is located near famous Dom radničke solidarnosti building. It is sculpture of one of the favorite child books mascot in Former Yugoslavia. It settled on prominent lawn near the part of building where Children theater of Republican Srpska was. Now is still located near the Theater but on other side of building.
41. Dom radnicke solidarnosti V
Museum of Republika Srpska is one of the major institutions which are to be found in one part of famous building named Dom radnicke solidarnosti since 1982. This is one of many legacies that ban Svetislav Tisa Milosavljević left to Banja Luka. It founded in 26th September 1930 according to order king Aleksandar Karađorđević. It was official declare as central institution for protection of movable cultural property of Republika Srpska.
42. The Cross Mountain
The Cross Mountain is to found not very far from Medugorje town. The path leading to the peak is lined with Stations of the Cross. The mountain is not particularly sheer but the path is uneven, full of jagged rocks of various sizes, don’t forget to get there with your good walking shoes.
It is said that Visoko is one of the finest towns of Bosnia and surely you will enjoy your walk around the streets of Visoko, especially if you are not used to an old traditional Bosnian or Balkan town. Many tourist finds it a very nice place, here you will also see the beautiful and friendly people of Visoko. There are many beautiful houses here. You will surely like the red roofed architecture.
44. Bijela dzamija – White mosque
Bijela dzamija which is also known as the White Mosque is a very famous mosque in Bosnia. It has won the Aga Khan Award for Islamic Architecture. You will sure like the inside decoration of the mosque as it is very unique, with natural skylight used to light the prayer-hall. It is very beautiful and a very nice spot for prayer if you are of the Muslim faith. It is not quite the same as Begova in Sarajevo but it is definitely worth a visit.
45. Old Mosque of Visoko
Old Mosque of Visoko is very popular mosque. It attracts visitors who would like to see an example of very old Turkish Ottoman architecture in Visoko. Visit to this beautiful wooden mosque is a worth. Presently it is under renovation as you will notice when you see it. It was once a very beautiful building and will be once it is restored. The top of the minaret is very beautifully decorated.
46. Apparition Hill
It is believed that Apparition Hill is the place where Mary first started appearing in 1981. Millions of tourists from all over the world go up this hill to find the statue they’ve erected in honor of Mary. After getting down from the hill you will find some few stores where you can buy some beautiful pictures of Mary and Jesus. It is one of the most visited tourist place in Bosnia.
47. Bosnian Pyramids
It is said that Visoko has started experiencing an amazing increase in tourist arrivals due to the supposed discovery of the Bosnian pyramids, attracting in excess of 10,000 tourists. Moreover the pyramids have attracted the attention of Egyptian geologist and expert in pyramids, Aly Abd Alla Barakat, who in May 2006 confirmed the existence of a pyramid in Visoko. The Visoèica hill was the centre of the medieval Bosnian capital Visoki and it has a generally symmetrical pyramid-like shape when viewed from certain angles.
- Piramida Mjeseca- Moon Pyramid
- Piramida Sunca- Sun Pyramid
- Piramida Bosanskog Zmaja- Pyramid of Bosnian Dragon
48. Monument of King Peter I
The famous Monument of King Peter I is to be found in front of the City Hall. The monument was present there before the Second World War and Ustashes moved it, in 1941, harnessed local Serbs. First non-communist local government put it back in 1991. The monument is commenced to King Peter I – Liberator, Serbian king who liberated south Slav countries of Austro-Hungarian and Turkish occupation in the Firs World War.
49. Derwish monastery
The Derwish monastery which is also popular by the name Tekke was first constructed built by derwishes of the Bektashi order around 1470. It is said that over the centuries ownerships changed from one order to the next. In 1952 Sufi orders were banned. This derwish monastery with Turkish style elements is the only one and hence called a national monument. The monastery consisted of various buildings but over the time not all of them survived. The Turkish bath had a heated floor and a transparent dome. It is one of must visited places in Bosnia.
50. Kraljeva Sutjeska
Kraljeva Sutjeska is an old village with a large Franciscan monastery which seems out of proportion to the village size. The monastic buildings date only from the 1890s. You will also find there a small museum of paintings and religious artifacts and also a library where Franciscan and local history is documented. You will also find here some excavated ruins of an earlier palace can be seen near the monastery as well as quite a good example of a ‘stečak’, one of the so-called ‘Bogomil’ tombstones from the Middle Ages found all over Bosnia.