Bolivia is located in south America’s central, It is a land locked country. Officially Bolivia is known as pluralization. It is Bordered by five different countries on its four planes- Peru to the west, Chile to the southwest, Brazil, to the north and east,Paraguay and Argentina to the south. The country has rich history and was ruled by Inca empire in the past. The country has some of the rarest natural wonders such as the salt lake and the silver mines. Silver mining has generated a huge wealth for Bolivia over centuries. There are plenty of parks and gardens, mountain sand steeps and unique architecture that identify the country. The capital of Bolivia Is La Paz which is central point of tourists attractions. Fifty things that you can enjoy along with your family in Bolivia are as follows: www.travelrows.com
1. The la Paz, Lle la Luna in Bolivia
The capital city of Bolivia La Paz is famous for many tourist attractions. It is said that the tourist attractions start in La Paz. It is located at an altitude of 3,000 – 4,100 m / 9,800 – 13,500 feet. The city is wild and chaotic and sits in the Andes Mountain range. It is also the world’s highest governmental capital. La Paz is situated in an about 1,000 m (3300 feet) deep canyon carved into the Altiplano plateau with pleasant climate. The main tourist attraction La Pad is Sagarnarga street, you could also go to the local markets, el mercado negro and de las brujas. Valle de la Luna ((Moon Valley) in Bolivia is a great attraction, the nightlife is fantastic. Here you can also witness great colonial architecture and museum.
2. Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca is situated in the Andean Mountain region. The lake is also the highest lake in the world that is also South America’s second-largest lake. Here you can also find ancient Inca ruins out on the Islands of the Moon (Isla de a Luna) and the Sun (Isla del Sol). The lake is a great picturesque place. There are islands in the lake that offer great adventures to do. Here you can also witness impressive archeological site in Tiwanaku which will provide insight on the civilization before the Incas.
3. Salar de Uyuni (Bolivia salt flats)
It is one of the most popular places to be in Bolivia, this place would completely blow your sense when you are in. The best views are available during rainy season when white out affect caused by a layer of water over the salt flats appears. There are restaurants made out of salt! The Salar de Uyuni is also the world’s largest salt lake that measures up to 12,000 square kilometers (4,600 square miles). The lake was once prehistoric sea and divided and lifted up with the Andes, which later got dried up and left behind a massive salt desert. Here you can have a unique experience of incredible vastness this is blue sky, white ground. This lake also attracts flocks of pink flamingo and herds of vicuna which is endangered relative of the llama.
During the colonial times the city of Potosi was one of the most populated cities on earth. It is very large mining place and has an immense amount of history. Earlier the mines in the area were so rich that the city used to be one of the richest cities in the Americas. The Cerro Rico Mountain has tremendous amount of silver and it was mined for over 500 years now. In Potosi you can also witness nice colonial architecture there are few museums as well to explore in the city along with museums. The buildings in Potosi are UNESCO world heritage sites.
5. Sucre (La Ciudad Blanca)
Sucre is Bolivia’s constitutional capital a place that is a must see in Bolivia. It has some of the greatest colonial architecture in the world. This historic city is declared a World Heritage Site. There a plenty of museums, churches and nice cafés. Its well-kept plazas and parks attract many visitors and this it is also called as one of the most beautiful cities of South America. A couple of miles away from Sucre you can find world’s largest paleontological site. And the best part of Sucre is about 1,000 impressions of dinosaur footprints that are from 50 different dinosaurs and embedded on a gigantic limestone slab.
Tarabuco is located 67 km east of Sucre and it is popular for its traditional Sunday Market. You can also see here locals in their traditional clothing. There is plenty be seen in Tarbuco such as the “Icla” Canyon and the textile craftwork. The textile craftwork was one of the chief trades of this region earlier; you can also buy this crafts in this market as souvenir of Bolivia’s visit.
Tupiza is a beautiful small town located in the southern part of Bolivia. It has derived the name La Joya Bella de Bolivia (The beautiful jewel of Bolivia) because of its beauty. The town is actually situated in a beautiful, very colorful valley. The town of Tupiza also plays the role of entry gate to and from Argentina – Salta and Jujuy. The tranquility and beauty of the valley is spellbinding.
8. Tiwanaku (Or tiahuanaku)
Tiwanaku is a historical place because of pre-Inca ruins that archaeologists believe were built before the birth of Christ. These ruins are found 4,000 m (13,100 feet) high near Lake Titicaca, about 70 km (45 miles) west of Bolivia’ capital La Paz. These ruins listed as UNESCO World Heritage. Here you will also find the Sun Gate (“Puerta del Sol”) that was installed some 2,000 years back, it shows a calendar with 365 days and leap years.
9. Santa Cruz De La Sierra
Santa Cruz de la Sierra is a city located in the western side of Bolivia. It is economical and financial center of Bolivia. It lies at the foot of the sierras where the Andes Mountain Range begins to rise from the tropical forest floor. It is about 400 meters above sea level, thus warm and tropical most of the year. It is also the most developed region of Bolivia.
10. Jesuit missions of Chiquitos
During 1696 – 1790 the Jesuits set several villages for the native inhabitants who got converted to Christianity. In these Jesuit Reductions the local and traditional methods of building and Christian architecture were mixed to a give a new style. There are seven renovated wooden churches in this region of Bolivia and these have been declared as UNESCO world heritage site. These are interesting structures to study Bolivia’s history and culture.
11. Moon Valley
The Moon Valley is located nearly10 km (6 miles) south of Bolivia’s capital La Paz’s city center. In local language it is called as Valle de la Luna, it is a stunning maze of canyons and pinnacles that these have been greatly eroded by wind and rain. The valley offers visitors amazing sights that look like from a different world.
12. Samaipata & El Fuerte
Samaipata and El Fuerte is to found in close proximity to Vallegrande it is a place where Ché Guevara had his revolution and was executed, come and explore this beautiful place where you’ll see incredible scenery. You can visit the carved red limestone and the Inca remains in Samaipata which almost a 3-hours drive from Santa Cruz through the lush green foothills of the Andean Mountains.
13. El Pantanal
It is well said about Pantanal that it is the world’s largest wetland which also holds the world’s richest collection of aquatic plant. It spreads across Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay. It is definitely considered as one of the best tourist spots where you can enjoy with your complete family, you can also go on exiting boat tour excursions through the Pantanals to spot innumerable wildlife.
14. Parque Nactuional Noel Kempff Mercado
Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado is one of the most famous parks of Bolivia. This beautiful National Park is situated approximately about 400 kilometers northeast of Santa Cruz. It is one of the best places to discover amazing sceneries in this diverse region of the Amazon rainforest and also loaded with abundant wildlife for example exotic birds, caimans, pink river dolphins, monkeys, etc. though it quite a long way to reach but surely worth a visit.
15. Parque nactional Taroto
Parque Nacional Taroto is considered a best park for those who love adventure; come and explore this park; here you will discover dinosaur footprints, fossils, unexplored caves, cave paintings, ruins, secluded lakes and many more. It is approximately 7 to 8 hours of bus ride from Cochabamba. It is an ideal place for enjoying and picnicking you’re your family and surely worth your visit.
16. Parque Nacional Madidi
Parque Nacional Madidi is one of the most stunning parks which starts on the snow peak of the Andean Mountain Chain and flows down into rain forest to the Amazon region. It is said that it is probably one of the less touched areas with the highest biodiversity on earth with almost over 1000 species of animal and close to 5000 plants and flowers.
“Rurre” is to be found in the east of Madidi National Park at the feet of the Andes where you can see the beautiful view where the river Beni is leaving the mountains. This city is the starting point for boat trips to the Amazon pampas with an incredible wildlife in day and night time. It is one of the most visited spots by the tourists.
18. Pachamama Wasi Museum
Pachamama Wasi Museum is situated in the heart of Toro Toro town. This famous museum offers you some interesting choices to learn and observe fossils, igneous, braquiopodos fossils, crinoides and sea lilies. They have been collecting samples and pieces for almost 20 years. Its collections are part of the building and decorations, creating a cavern where it is possible to appreciate dinosaur stone sculptures. The meaning of this museum is “Mother earth house”.
Tiwanaku is an important Pre-Columbian archaeological site. It has been well acknowledged by Andean scholars as one of the most important pioneer to the Inca Empire, flourishing as the ritual and administrative capital of a major state power for approximately five hundred years. The remains of the ancient city state are to be found near the south-eastern shore of Lake Titicaca. You can find here the remains of a Pre-Incan civilization. This monumental city in the Bolivian highlands thirteen thousand feet above sea level and one of 754 recognized World Heritage Sites, Tiwanaku is surrounded by mountain ranges, with Lake Titicaca on its west side.
Copacabana is one of the beautiful and small towns of Bolivian which is situated on the Bolivian shore of Lake Titicaca and is quite near to the capital of La Paz, it’s a popular tourist destination. It has been “mystic region”, a ceremonial center of various cultures that existed there before the colonial times and these days it is considered a religious-peregrination center often visited by devote believers of the “Virgen Morena”, the Holy Virgin of Copacabana. The parishioners come to this place to receive the blessings of the Virgin Mary and to do the traditional “Ch’alla”. Here you can find the famous Copacabana Cathedral which was completed in the year 1619 is one of the oldest churches in Bolivia and is a fine example of Moorish style architecture. It houses the statue of La Virgen de la Candelaria also called as the “Dark Virgin”.
21. Lake Titicaca
The Lake Titicaca is a very beautiful and famous lake of Bolivia. It is situated in the Department of La Paz. It is 283 meters with a total extension of 176 km in length and 70 km. of width. The Titicaca Lake is the highest-navigable lake in the world. It has an average height of 3,810 meters above the sea level. A portion of the lake belongs to Bolivia and the other one to Peru. It is divided into two major basins, named “Lago Mayor Del Titicaca” (Major Lake of the Titicaca) and “Lago Menor del Titicaca” (Minor Lake of the Titicaca). The Titicaca Lake, also known as “The Sacred Lake of the Incas”, is a great tourist attraction for nature lovers, a perfect place to enjoy a spectacular view of the snowy hills of the mountain range that contrast with the blue waters of the lake.This lake is considered as a perfect place to enjoy nature.
22. National Park Apolobamba
The National Park Apolobamba is a famous park of Bolivia which is situated to the West of the department of La Paz. It surrounds the municipalities of Pelechuco, Curva, Charazani and Guanay and considered as an unbelievable picturesque beauty because of the snow-covered high mountains such us Akamani, Presidente y Katantika. Besides them the parks counts with glacial lagoons and impressive glaciers like the chaupi Orcko: one of the biggest in the world.
23. National Park Cotapata
The National Park Cotapata is to be found at the Northeast of the city of La Paz. The park has high mountain range, snowfields, periglacier areas and cloudy humid forest. One of its greater attractions is the pre-Colombian road of the Chucura or Choro or Inca Road that crosses the area from the mountain region until the Yungas and the Huaranilla River.Part of the Choro Trail passes through the park, as does the Takesi Trail, making it a popular destination for day trippers.
24. National Park Madidi, La Paz
Another famous park of Bolivia is the National Park Madidi which is to be found to the Northeast of La Paz in the Franz Tamayo. The park borders to the West with Peru and has a surface of 1.895.750 hectares (18,957 km2). The climate here is cold at the mountain range area and quite warm at the mountainous intermediate lands.
This region has a wonderful diversity of physiographic atmosphere, from the Apolobamba high mountain range until the Amazon area, including mountainous regions and the Sub Andinean system.
25. National Park Noel Kempf Mercado, Santa Cruz
One of the famous National Parks of Bolivia is The National Park Noel Kempf Mercado and it has been declared as the Natural Patrimony of the Humanity by the UNESCO in year 2000 and is part of Santa Cruz, and it borders to the east with Brazil. This park has an enormous diversity of ecosystems. The park offers an exceptional picturesque beauty all because of water falls of the Caparu plateau. The climate is tropical and hot. Here you can fine 1,098 registered species of fauna from which some are in danger of extinction. Of these we can mention the swamp deer, gama, jaguar, tigrecillo, mono titi, paraba siete colores, tataruga and the cayman. And also the bird life is very rich and exacting; there are more than 600 species. Some reports mention the presence of melanic jaguars (black jaguar or panther). The National Park is characterized by its lack of population. Most of the existent population is settled to the the West of the Paragua river.
26. National Park Sajama
The National Park Sajama is situated to the Northwest of the Oruro Department in the Sajama Province. The Area is found quite near to the La Paz Department and the border with Chile. It is considered this park was the first Protected Area created in Bolivia. It has an outstanding beauty due to the presence of the imposing snowcovered Sajama Mountain, altoandinas lagoons, thermal water and andinismo routes. The Area occupies the region of the Western or Volcanic mountain Range, characterized for its extensive altiplano (high plain), altoandinas lagoons, and imposing volcanic cones as the Payachatas and the snowcovered Sajama Mountain which is the highest peak in Bolivia.
27. Yungas, Coroico
You will find this area approximately 3 hours from La Paz city which is considered a transition zone ever since it appears at the descent of the highlands particularly in the peaks of the Royal Mountain Range, and it begins the lowlands or Bolivian Amazon. The evolution in flora and fauna is a result of this and also the rise in temperature as the valley descends, submerging itself in the characteristically humid tropical land. The landscape is a combination of green hillsides, precipices, rivers, cascades, and moderate vegetation. Actually the valley is divided into two parts, the northern zone (North Yungas) and the southern zone (South Yungas).
28. Island of the sun, Isla Del Sol
The island of the sun is situated on the Northwest end of the peninsula of Copacabana, at 14 km. This beautiful island has many monuments that date back to the time prior to the colony, such as: The Pilkokaina Palace and the “Chinkana” or Labyrinth, The Stairway of the Inca, The Sacred Fountain of Internal Youth and the Incas’ Terraces.
It is considered as one of the main ports of the island. It has many popular gardens and a long stairway that leads to a fountain that has three streams of water that come out of it. These three streams are supposed to symbolize the three maximum laws or commandments of the Incan Empire: “ama sua, ama llulla, ama khella”, which mean: “Thou shall not steal”, “Thou shall not lie” and “Thou shall not be lazy”. Towards the north of this island there is the town of Yumani.
Pilkokaina is a very famous 2-story high Incan Palace which was built by Tupac Yupanqui. The top floor has virtually disappeared. It consists of a series of rooms that have niches in each one of them you can also find here various quarters and patios as well. The openings on the walls, which would be where the walls and windows had been in the past, have a narrower lintel in comparison to the main threshold. It is said that in order to seal the ceiling of the construction, stones placed like stairways were used to support the construction and this famous technique is known in architectural terms as an “Imitation Vault”.
The Chinakana (also known as Labyrinth) are ruins, the town where these ruins are are found is known as Challapampa that is located on the Northern region of the Island, far from the church of Yumani. Here tourists can climb all the way to the summit, and see the remains of several walls that were constructed with stone. These are also very close to the “Sacred Stone” called Kaka. This stone contains a sacred legend about the origin of the Incas.
32. The town of Uyuni, Uyuni
The town of Uyuni is located about 241 Km far from Potosi city. This town was once very important as it was the distribution place for the trains carrying mineral on their way to the Pacific Ocean ports. Uyuni is also important for its proximity to the Magnificent Uyuni Salt Flat favorite Bolivian tourist attraction mentioned above. Also found in Uyuni are colorful lagoons, white deserts, spectacular wildlife and local small towns.
33. The carnival of Oruro (Carnaval De Oruro)
The carnival of Oruro is held in Oruro held as a mark of reverence to the “Virgin of the Candle Mass” (Virgen de la Candelaria) or Virgin from “Socavon”. This carnival is one of the largest carnivals with great importance in Bolivia and Latin America. During the carnival, men and women from various ages dance as an honor to the Virgin. The carnival runs for three days and three nights in the form a parade every year, it has all the attractions of carnival like of Brazil’s Rio Carnival.
34. Sumaj Orko
Sumaj Orko is located at about 700 m south from the center of the Potosi city. Sumaj Orko was once wealthiest and most populated city in the world. It is also knows as “Cerro Rico”. One of the main tourist attractions of Sumo Orko the mountain Cerro Rico and its summit which is 4, 824 meters above the sea level. A large quantity of silver has been extracted from this mountain since 1545. Visitors can see various galleries where lead-silver, zinc-silver and tin are extracted, most of the galleries are at nearly 240 meters below the ground.
35. San Javier
The town of San Javier is located about 221 Km from Santa Cruz de la Sierra. The town was once the center of the music school and manufacturing unit to musical instruments. Presently the town is thriving on agricultural and cattle production, along with dairy forms. The town has a church that has distinct baroque style, and was constructed in 1749 but got destroyed subsequently restored back between 1987 and 1993 it is declared aa National Monument and Mankind’s Historical Heritage.
36. Conception De Chiquitos Town
This is also a town that was inhabited in 1708 it is simple tranquil which is reflected in its beautiful streets and homes made of adobe. There are Christian missions in the town, the main square of the city has the presence of the mission’s main church that is surrounded by houses of the feudal lords. These houses are built with wooden support beams. Till now all these buildings have retained their original look. The church of this town, Concepcion de Chiquitos, was built by Martin Schmid between 1752 and 1753.
37. The National Historical Park “Santa Cruz la Veija”
The National Historical Park which called as Santa Cruz la Veija is situated about 5 Km. from San Jose de Chiquitos. This is a protected region and spread over an area of 17,080 hectares. The park also has the place where Santa Cruz de la Sierra was first founded in 1561. It has kept the original blueprint of the city, which once had 32 blocks of homes and in the center there is a large fortress.
Chacaltaya is located around 36 kilometers from La Paz it is the highest skiing region of the world, the height of which is 5,580 meters. It is also the highest natural ski slope with distance of 5345 m.a.s.l in Bolivia. This mountain is part of Potosi mountain range and you can appreciate the mountain for the views that you get from the summit of it and other points. The Cordillera Real (Royal Mountain range) of the Oriental Andes is located nearby.
39. The death road ( Los Yungas Road)
You might wonder to hear the name ‘The Death Road’ true to its name this road has the dubious distinction of Bolivia’s death trap that swallows 200 loves every year. But lately the country has built a new road that is safer. This road is still a famous tourist attraction as tourist like to bike trek the road down hill. This road is officially called the North Yungas Road.
40. National Park Toro, Potosi
The Park is situated in the north of Potosi, in the province Charcas. However, it is easily reachable from Cochabamba city. It is spread over 16,570 hectares (166 km2). It is nature’s paradise for geology and paleontology lovers as it has tracks of large reptiles of the Mesozoic era and deep caverns of carstic origin. The other attractions of the park include: extensive cavern of the cavern of Huaca Senka, Huma Jalanta, tracks of dinosaurs and different regions of abundant fossils. The park also has the Inca ruins of Flame Chaqui and cave paintings. One of the most attractive of relics is canyon of the Valley of Toro. The National Park also covers the region of the mesothermic dry valleys situated in north of Potosi.
41. San Pedro de Atacama festivals
This is also a festival in San Pedro de Atacama, Bolivia. The major festivals take place during the month June. The festivals of San Pedro include typical dances, pilgrimages, masses in the street, and also little parade along the main street of San Pedro de Atacama. It is commemorated as honor to Saint Peter and Saint Paul.
42. Carreras Pampa, Toro
Carreras Pampa is located on your way to Umajalanta Cavern. It is a unique place that offers an opportunity to witness petrified biped and tri-finger dinosaur prints. This region is located on two expanses of plains with different depths and dimensions. The prints of dinosaur appear in all of the Carreras Pampa terrain that head towards east. It is one of the best places to witness the amazing dinosaurs footprints.
43. Andean Fauna, Uyuni
The famous Andean fauna that inhabited the surroundings of the Uyuni Salt Flat and the wonderful lagoons is varied and rich. When you are on your tour to the most amazing places on the Eduardo Avaroa National Reserve it is possible that you can observe these species in their natural habitat. If you admire nature then this is the ideal place for you.
44. Andean goose
Andean Goose is one of the popular birds is that is 90 cm long and covered mostly with white feathers, except its wings and tail where the feathers are black. This particular species lives in couples and breeds at 4000 to 5000 m.a.s.l. It will be possible for the visitors view Andean geese during their tour to the Uyuni Salt Flat and Lagoons, near the shores of Ramaditas Lagoon, Chiarkhota (Shiarkota) Lagoon and Hedionda Lagoon.
The Andean Goose or Huallata (Chloephaga melanoptera) inhabits the Sud Lipez province lagoon shores and the bofedales.
45. Colchani Town, Uyuni
This area has become very popular considering the fact that is one of the most significant communities in the area for having the very essential Salt Factory in the country with a capacity to extract 20.000 tons of Salt per year from which 90% is for human consumption. This town of Bolivia is also very popular for manufacturing salt handicrafts. Calchani town is a small town situated 20 kms away from Uyuni.
Guanacos are one of the largest wild mammal species found in Bolivia. It lives in herds and breeds between november and february. The Guanaco also known as Huanaco (Lama guanicoe) is a came lid inhabitant of the andean region of South America. In Bolivia it resides in the highlands mostly wildly. The guanaco is a fast runner, it is said that it is almost impossible to catch Guanaco. The major reason for its survival in the wild is the ability to avoid its predators with velocity.
47. Town of San Pedro de Atacama in Chile
An an oasis which is found inside the San Pedro de Atacama desert at 2440 m.a.s.l. and 1.670 kilometers far from Santiago de Chile. It is considered as one of the crowded towns of Bolivia and a place occupied fully by tourists due its close proximity to the Hito Cajones/Abaroa border crossing, gateway to the biggest salt flat in the world: the Uyuni Salt Flat in Bolivia. San Pedro de Atacama town is also close to the Paso Jama border crossing with Argentina. Although it is one of the smallest town but it is beautifully surrounded by mountains and features an eternal blue sky.
48. Ramaditas Lagoon, Uyuni
The Ramaditas Lagoon is a sweet water pond which occupies a surface area of about 4 square kilometers. It is positioned inside the Eduardo Avaroa National Reserve in Sud Lipez Province of Potosi, close to smaller salt flats with no economical interest due to the low salt concentration. On your visit to Ramaditas Lagoon it is possible for you to observe small quantities of wild vicunas and flamingos.
The Vizcacha is very famous because of its meat, leather and tail. This last one is used as a good-luck charm. You can also observe some vizcachas in their habitat running free along the Uyuni Salt Flat and Lagoons itinerary. The Vizcacha (Lagidium viscacia) are rodents that the chinchillas belong to Chinchillidae family. They are the natives of South America, these high-jumping rabbits are one of the biggest rodent species. Vizcachas are characterized by very long ears and tail. They can reach a length of 70 to 80 cm long from ears to tail.
50. The Mercado Negro (Black Market)
The Mercado Negro (Black Market in English) is place where you can buy a host of items including souvenir of Bolivia very cheap. The market is quite comprehensive and sells cloth, household items, liquor, and other products in its many corners. There are many shops that sell cheap electronic goods as well.