Germany’ capital city Berlin is one of the most happening cities in the world. It is Germany‘s’ largest city. It is also one of the most populous cities in the world and one of the most popular cities in Europe. Berlin can be easily reached from most European cities. It was the center of the second world war and has many historically important monuments, artifacts which symbolize the second world war. It is also home to the famous Berlin wall which separated east and west Germany. Berlin is home to many historical important churches, cathedrals, museums, palaces, parks etc. Berlin has plenty of things to offer tourists. Fifty things that you can enjoy along with you family in Berlin are as follows: www.travelrows.com
1. Brandenburger Gate
The Brandenburger Gate is located at the end of Unter den Linden which is a very famous and magnificent avenue in Berlin. In the beginning it was a part of a wall surrounding Berlin and was the main entrance to the city. It is the only gate that remains of this former city wall. It was designed by Carl Gotthard and commissioned by Emperor Wilhelm II which is now a famous. The design of the gate, 65.5 meter wide and 28 meter tall was based on the Propylaea, the gateway to the Acropolis in Athens. It was built between 1778 and 1791 and replaced an older city gate. The decorations, including bas-relief scenes depicting Greek mythology took another four years to complete.
The building was built during the years 1884 and 1894, primarily funded with wartime reparation money from France, as an effect of Prussia’s defeat of France in the year 1871. They later added the famous inscription ‘Dem Deutschen Volke’ (To the German People) during the year 1916, by Emperor Wilhelm II. The bronze letters were cast from seized French cannons. The building was completely modernized and adjusted to the needs of the reunified republic and considered as one of the best tourist spots of Berlin.
Berlin’s Museum Island was designed to be “a sanctuary of art and science” and approved UNESCO National Heritage Site status in the year 1999. Already in the 19th century, the central avenue Unter den Linden (Under the Linden Trees) was Berlin’s most splendid promenade and parade street. The avenue is home to the main building of Berlin’s Humboldt University, the German Historical Museum, the Berlin Cathedral, the Berlin State Opera, and it even pass through Museum Island. These museums host some of the most important exhibits in Germany. The Berlin City Palace also used to stand on Museum Island across from the Old Museum. It was torn down during the GDR years and replaced by the Palace of the Republic. The five museums that comprise Berlin’s famous Museum Island are located between the Spree River and the Kupfergraben.
The complex of the Museumsinsel consists of five museums:
- The Altes Museum
- The Neues Museum
- The Nationalgalerie
- The Bodemuseum
- The Pergamonmuseum
4. Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall had separated the city in an eastern and western part was the sign of the Cold War. It was constructed by the government of the DDR to stop East Germans from evading to the West. Most of its parts had been destroyed ever since the border between East and West Berlin opened in the year 1989. You will find some parts of the wall still stand. The most famous one is the 1316m long East Side Gallery. It is located along Mühlenstrasse between Warschauer Strasse and the Ostbahnhof and contains 106 paintings. Smaller other parts of the Wall can be found at the Memorial and Documentation center at the Bernauer Strasse – where the official destruction of the Wall started, Potsdamer Platz, the Reichstag, Invaliedenfriedhof, Bornholmer Strasse, Nieder-kirchner Strasse and Zimmerstrasse near Checkpoint Charlie.
5. Olympia stadium
Olympia Stadium is one of the very popular places in Berlin. At the west of the high-end suburb, West-end, there was adequate not fully formed land for the Nazis to understand their megalomaniacal architectural concepts for the 1936 Olympic Games, the Olympia Stadium was built here during 1930s. Currently the stadium is not only home to Berlin’s soccer team, Hertha BSC, but also hosts rock concerts and athletic championships. Right next to the Olympia premises is Berlin’s legendary Forest Theater which is an open air stage that excites Berliners with concerts by famous rock bands and pop artists.
The tourist can very easily find some exclusive stores, hotels, and cafes here as it is one of the most well-known streets in the city. It is well said that West Berlin’s Ku’damm can only be rivaled by East Berlin’s Friedrichstrasse. During the last 20 years, it has successfully reignited the flame of its former beauty. During the GDR years, the Friedrichstrasse train station and Checkpoint Charlie provided as the link of hubs for travelers between East and West Berlin. Instead of lavishness shopping and street cafes, it was an awful place of customs clearance, visas, and compulsory exchange.
7. Charlottenburg Palace
You will find this palace somewhere around the city center. The self-important Charlottenburg Palace obtained many visitors annually. It was constructed in 1700 by the Prussian King Friedrich III for his beloved wife Sophie Charlotte that was placed on the grounds of a pleasing park directly on the Spree River. It is said that the city around the palace is one of Berlin’s most desired residential areas. Tourists can enjoy a pleasant stroll through the park and can also enjoy the cultural aspects of the location at six museums located directly across from the park on Schlossstrasse.
8. television tower ( Fernsehturm )
The Fernsehturm television tower is the tallest building in the whole of the city and features both an observation platform and also a restaurant, which revolves slowly. The T.V tower is 368 metres / 1207 feet high and here you will also find an elevator that takes you up over 200 metres / 660 feet to a viewing platform and also a restaurant. From the top of this Tower you can see all across the city and there are spectacular, panoramic views, probably the best in East Berlin. There are many neon signs that surround the base of this tower and the reflections caused by sunlight form a Christian Cross on the tower. It is open daily for its visitors.
9. Unter den Linden
The Unter den Linden is a long avenue that extends 1 mile or you can say 1.5 km from the Brandenburg Gate. It one of Berlin’s well known recognizable landmarks. Before it was built as a showpiece road, Unter den Linden was just a simple riding lane that which used to join the Tiergarten to the Berliner Stadtschloss. You will also find enormous linden trees that were planted in the 17th century, but the striking blend of neoclassical and baroque structures continued to be built for another 100 years. It has also gone through heavy damage in the war; much of the architecture in this splendid avenue now reflects postwar tastes and the eastern part have been beautifully restored. Some of Berlin’s most treasured and important buildings lie on this road and these include the German State Opera (Deutsche Staatsoper) and the German Historical Museum.
10. Oranienburger Strasse
The Oranienburger Strasse is situated in central Berlin and before 1989 it was desolate street. Very recently it has become a busy and trendy place to visit and is full of bars, cafés and many other stylish food and drink outlets, both here and nearby. This part of the new eastern Berlin has become a lively and popular place to visit. The Hackescher Markt S-bahn train station located at the south end of Oranienburger Strasse is a hotspot for Berlin’s nightlife. It is well said that the city doesn’t sleep here. The area around Oranienburger Strasse can certainly be characterized as the vibrant center of Berlin’s midnight hours.
11. Postsdamer Platz
During the 1900s Postsdamer Platz was one of the busiest squares in the entire Europe and when the Berlin Wall was constructed it became a platform that permitted Westerners to look over the wall and into the eastern part of the city. Recently restoration and renovation have created a wonderful new, vibrant area, full of shops, bars, cafés, restaurants and many other venues for entertainment. It is said to be rapidly becoming the heart of the city. Sony and Daimler Benz developed this area with three skyscrapers, countless stores, and many premiere cinemas. Presently Potsdamer Platz is well known as the location of the Berlin’s stars, not only during film festivals
12. Berlin Zoo
Berlin Zoo is considered as one of the biggest zoological gardens of the world. It has been a famous tourist’s attraction ever since it opened some 150 years ago. It is said that initially opened to the public in the year 1844. This famous Zoo was constructed upon a gift bestowed to the city by King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. The king makes available animals from his menagerie to fill the cages and open habitats at the zoo, which was designed by Peter Lenne. Here you will find more than 15,000 animals representing about 1,400 species. Cages are rare. Most animals roam free in re-creations of their natural habitats. The pandas are the most popular residents of the Berlin Zoo, attracting an amazing amount of attention from local media whenever they hit a landmark birthday or other occasion.
Checkpoint Charlie is considered as one of the eventual symbols of the Cold War came to exemplify the separation between east and west. It’s been almost 30 years that this checkpoint represented not only a divided Germany but a world in political turmoil. Presently only a line of bricks traces the trail where the Berlin Wall once stood and you can also find a replica of the Checkpoint Charlie booth. The original booth is in the Allied Museum in Zehlendorf. It was built shortly after the Berlin Wall was erected, the museum was extended in the 1990s.
14. Berliner Dom
The Berliner Dom is a decorative Cathedral constructed during the years 1894 and 1905. It is located on an island in the river Spree which is also well known as the Museum Island. Presently the building is the 3rd church construct at this site. On Emperor Wilhelm II’s order, this domed building was destroyed in the year 1894 and substituted by the present Cathedral. The most interesting objects in the richly decorated interior of the church are the reconstructed pipe organ, built by Wilhelm Sauer. It has more than 7.000 pipes. A number of members of the Hohenzollern family are buried in the church, among them Friedrich I and his wife, who are entombed in beautifully sculpted sarcophagi.
Alexanderplatz was one of the busiest squares in Berlin at the beginning of nineteenth century and during the Middle Ages it was the center of the city and since the reunification of East and West Berlin the large square is prepared to again become the center of Berlin. Formerly the square was known as the Ochsenmarkt or ox market, later after a visit by Russian Tzar Alexander I it was renamed to Alexanderplatz in 1805. The locals people of Berlin simply call this large square ‘Alex’. Most of the buildings on the square were shattered by allied bombing during the Second World War and then after the war it became the center of East-Berlin and the square was used as a showcase of socialist architecture. This resulted in some plain bulky buildings and a vast television tower.
16. World Clock
The World Clock which is also known as Welzeituhr was built in the year 1969 by Erich John. This famous world clock of Berlin displays the names of a number of foreign cities in different time zones. The clock was restored in the year 1997 and a number of cities that were originally left out for political reasons were also added like Jerusalem, St. Petersburg and Cape Town. On top of the clock you will also find a simplified model of the solar system.
The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is one of most famous landmarks of Berlin. This broken tower symbolizes how Berlin resolves to rebuild the city after the war and a constant reminder of the destruction of war. It is to be found at the Breitscheidplatz which is the center of former West-Berlin. Presently it is the commercial center of Berlin, with the Ku’damm shopping street and Europa Center near by. You will also find a Gedenkhalle or Memorial Hall inside the church. It presents the history of the church and contains several of the original objects in the church as well as photos from before and after the bombing.
18. Pergamon Museum
Pergamon Museum is one of the five amazing museums of Berlin’s Museum Island and it is the newest which was first opened in 1930. This museum got its name from the Pergamon Altar, an enormous monument which occupies a whole room. It was well designed by Alfred Messel, and later Ludwig Hoffman, the main motive of constructing this Museum was to complement the nearby Kaiser-Wilhelm Museum (now the Bode Museum), which had grown too small to house the artifacts garnered from German excavations throughout the world. Inside the museum you will also see the Islamic Art which focused mainly on the Middle East including Egypt and Persia, features art from the 18th to 19th centuries. Tourists can view architectural decorations, ceramics, jewelry, metalwork, wood carvings, textiles, and calligraphic works.
The Siegessäule is a Victory column in located in Tiergarten which is a huge park to be found in the center of Berlin. Tiergarten was earlier a Royal hunting estate was then turned into a park. It is located centrally between Mitte and Charlottenburg it is a favorite picnic and barbecue place. At the center of a large approximately in the Tiergarten, known as the Grosser Stern or great star stands the tall Siegessäule.
20. The Berlin Philharmonic
The Berlin Philharmoniker is well considered as one of the world’s leading piece of music orchestras. Classical music enthusiasts are advised to check that their visit to Berlin coincides with the Orchestra playing at home. This famous concert hall is designed by Hans Scharoun, is an iconic yellow building: on the inside, a lustrous 1960s aesthetic meets with superb acoustics.
21. DDR Museum
Soviet occupation of East Berlin ended in 1990, and today the DDR Museum offers a snapshot of life in the old days. The interactive museum allows visitors a truly hands on experience for both children and adults alike: root through drawers of East German memorabilia, mimic a Stasi officer and listen in on a bugged flat. Out on the streets you can take a unique tour of the city by renting a Trabant, the classic car produced in former East Germany, now painted in bright colours by the Trabi Safari Company.
22. Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral is one of the finest church edifices in the world and the essence of high-Gothic cathedral architecture. The building first began in 1248. The scale of Cologne Cathedral is quite obvious from its two strong towers. Both the towers dominated the city and the surrounding region and completed in the year 1880. During the 19th century upon its completion the cathedral was the biggest building in the world. The design of the west side was truly innovative. It is said that this church has the largest exterior surface of any church in the world, said to be around 7,000 square meters, and is flanked by two huge towers, each rising to a height of 157 meters. This church in Berlin is one of the most famous tourist spots.
Grunewald is the most famous and the largest forested area of Berlin which is located to the south-west of Charlottenburg. It is one of the famous picnic spots for the locals as well as the tourists; visitors come here and head down for a day of peaceful break from the bustle of the city. You can venture through the woods by foot, bicycle or on horseback and even you can take a dip in the clean waters of Schlachtensee or Wannsee, if the weather permits. You can also look out for Teufelsberg which is a man-made hill rising above the woodland, constructed by the Allies after World War II from the city’s rubble.
24. Jüdisches Museum
The Jüdisches Museum is one of the popular museums which can be used to explore the Berlin’s Jewish History. It is famous for presenting the story of Berlin’s Jewish population through the architecture of this museum. The most striking part of the museum was designed by controversial Jewish architect Daniel Libeskind. The shape of this part is based on an exploding Star of David, with its interior spaces disappearing into angles, so the museum experience is more about the effects of the space than the documents and artifacts. It was constructed in the late 19th century and survived World War II, and its golden dome stands out from far away.
25. The statue of Fredrick the great
The statue of Fredrick the great is also known as ‘Alte Fritz’, this statue is one the favorite place for tourists. Although Berlin offers quite a number of statues, but the Statue of Frederick the Great is among the grandest in the city. It is said by almost all the historians that it took almost 70 years, 40 artists, and 100 designs to determine the final plan for the equestrian statue of the much-revered Frederick the Great, who reigned as King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786. The Height of the statue is 13.5 meter high (44ft) statue sits on the Unter den Linden between The State Library and Humboldt University.
26. Altes Museum
The Altes Museum (Old Museum) was the first dedicated museum building in Berlin. Almost for one hundred years the Altes Museum was enjoyed by locals as well as the visitors. Though, the museum did not survive World War II. Just prior to the end of the war, a tank truck exploded in front of the museum, destroying it completely. After the war, the Altes Museum was the first of the group museums on Museum Island to be renovated and it reopened in 1966. Today, it houses the Antikensammlung (Museum of Antiquities) on its Rotunda in the Altes Museum Rotunda main floor. It also has a vast variety of ancient Greek and Roman decorative art including vases and statues as their permanent collection.
27. Hackesche Höfe
Hackesche Höfe is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Berlin and is a favorite of locals as well. A series of courtyards joined together to form one large complex with multiple functions. It is situated in Berlin’s Scheunenviertel Quarter and contains a series of 8 courtyards, all connected together and restored to form one complex consisting of shops, apartments, offices and more. It was constructed in the early 1900s.
It is situated in the Tiergarten section of Berlin quite close to Potsdamer Platz and it is a home to numerous museums, concert venues, and galleries. It is a famous culture forum of Berlin and the idea came about after World War II, when the art collections divided up between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin. The East Berlin had the Museum Island as its cultural center and for West Berlin they decided to create a new center to house its cultural institutions and art collections, the Kulturforum. Architect Hans Bernhard Scharoun devised the plans for the forum and chose the Tiergarten district for its location which was not that popular at that time.
29. Europa Center
Europa Center was once upon a time called as the crown jewel of West Berlin’s retail establishments. It is now famous as a reminder of post-war 1960s West-Germany. You will find some marvelous newer malls have sprung up in the city since Europa Center was built; locals still have a soft spot for this Berlin first. Still home to dozens of shops, restaurants, clubs, and cinemas and still it is a favorite of hundred of tourists who still love to stop here to do a little souvenir shopping and to grab a pint at the Irish pub, located in the basement.
30. Monument to Soviet Soldiers
The Soviet War Memorial is a curved, columned stoa with one central column atop which sits a bronze statue of a Soviet soldier. The gardens around the T34 tank, Tiergarten Soviet Memorial, Berlin T34 Tank memorial are beautifully landscaped, but on each side of the stoa sits a few items not quite so beautiful – two T-34 tanks and two Red Army ML-20 152mm gun-howitzer artillery pieces. The Soviet War Memorial which is located at the Tiergarten is one of many such memorials erected by the Soviet Union to honor its war dead. In the year 1945, after the capture of the city of Berlin, this Soviet War Memorial sits in the Tiergarten, a large public park situated to the west of the city on June 17 Street, not far from the Brandenburg Gate.
31. Palace Bridge
Palace Bridge is considered the most beautiful out of the numerous bridges in Berlin. The Schloßbrucke which is also known as the Palace Bridge was constructed in early 1800s and led to the palace that was located on Museum Island. The Bridge is to be found at the eastern end Schlossbrucke. It was designed by one of the Berlin’s leading architect of the early 19th century, Karl Friedrich Schinkel. Schinkel was responsible for a number of other important buildings and landmarks of the time, including the city’s Altes Museum, the Neue Wache, and the Schauspielhaus, all designed in the neo-classical style.
32. East Side Gallery
The East Side Gallery is a 1.3 km-long painted stretch of the former Berlin Wall. It is the largest open-air gallery in the world covering over 100 original mural paintings. Artists from all around the world came to Berlin after the fall of the Wall. The most famous among the paintings such as “The Mortal Kiss” by Dimitrji Vrubel, of Erich Honecker and Leonid Brezhnev’s mouth-to-mouth embrace and Birgit Kinder’s Trabi (Trabant) knocking down the Wall. They have provided popular postcard material until today. The paintings which still reflect the patchwork, eclectic and bohemian atmosphere of Berlin today are a mixed-bag of surreal images, political statements and graffiti-like effusions stretching from the Oberbaum Brücke to the Ostbahnhof.
One of the most famous trademark department store of Berlin is KaDeWe (Kaufhaus des Westens). It is considered as shopping paradise of Berlin. It is indeed a favorite and easy to spot landmark on Wittenberg Platz. With 60,000sqm, the equivalent of nine football fields, 380,000 articles, 40,000 visitors a day, largest department store on the continent. The KaDeWe has survived the turmoil of 20th century German history unscathed. Beginning its commercial life in 1907, the store was a constant Berlin presence, its highs and lows reflecting those of the city.
34. Rotes Rathaus
Rotes Rathaus of Berlin is literally Red Town Hall, is the seat of the Berlin Senate – city government – as opposed to local, district government which is housed in the district Town Halls. The division of the city ended with the fall of the Wall on 9 November 1989 and reunification; the last troops of the former occupying powers left the city by 1994. On 20 June 1991, the Bundestag decided that Berlin would be the new seat of Germany’s parliament and federal government. During that same year, the Governing Mayor of Berlin moved with the Senate Chancellery from the Schöneberg Town Hall to the Berlin Town Hall in the Mitte borough. The House of Representatives, Berlin’s state parliament, has convened its sessions in the building of the former Prussian state parliament since 1993.
35. New Synagogue
The New Synagogue is one of Berlin’s most important Jewish landmarks. It was constructed in the year 1866, to seat 3200 people as the largest Jewish place of worship in Germany; the Neue Synagogue was literally a symbol of the thriving Jewish community. Citizens in 1933, Berlin was the centre of liberal Judaism with 160,000 Jewish. Currently the building houses the Centrum Judaism foundation which started in the year 1995, a foundation for the preservation of Jewish memory and tradition, a community worshipper’s centre for study and teaching. The museum and information centre houses exhibits including Torahs and scrolls which were excavated as late as 1989 during the restoration phase.
Tiergarten is Berlin’s largest and most popular inner-city park and it also refers to the parliamentary, government and diplomatic district. The Tiergarten also known as the animal park and it was initially a hunting ground. It is indeed Berlin’s best known park because of its centrality it’s a favourite with locals and tourist. Presently the area includes the Regierungsviertel, Potsdamer Platz and the Kulturforum as well as the Diplomatenviertel.
37. chloss Bellevue
Schloss Bellevue was constructed for a Prussian prince and currently it is the official residence of the German president. It is located on an area of 20 hectares beside the River Spree, Schloss Bellevue. It was built for Prince August Ferdinand of Prussia, the younger brother of King Frederick II of Prussia. It is to be found on the north edge of the large Tiergarten Park and served as the Prince’s summer residence. It was designed by the architect Philipp Daniel Boumann and indeed it is the first neo-Classical building built in Germany. It has a 2-story main building with a central pediment supported by ornate Corinthian columns. The gables feature sandstone figurines depicting Agriculture, Fishing and Hunting.
38. Haus Der Kulturen Der Welt
The Tourist Authority of Berlin estimates that almost 350,000 tourist every year proceeds towards Haus Der Kulturen Der Welt to enjoy the unique multi-cultural that it offers. The attraction is also home to an excellent gift shop that sells a large number of “world” items. The House of World Cultures (Haus Der Kulturen Der Welt) was constructed in post-war Berlin, with the aim of serving as “a symbol and beacon of freedom” and to encourage the importance of respecting one another’s cultural differences. Today, the House of World Cultures exhibits temporary exhibitions on worldwide cultures and non-European avant-garde art. You will find there presentation of films, theatre and dance performances, lectures, concerts and congresses are also held on the stages and halls inside this vast building.
The Hauptbahnhof is Berlin’s luminous new train station which was opened in May 2006. It was constructed after the fall of the Berlin Wall to make available a central transportation area for the entire city. When the Germany was reunited the requirement for more well-organized travel became an issue. The government of Germany acknowledged the need for a new central transportation station. The station is quite amazing and 5 levels high. The construction of this striking glass structure began with the building of tunnels that carried trains below the Spree River to the Tiergarten and Potsdamer Platz. Presently you can find that daily all most 1,800 trains travel in and out of the busy station, with a total of about 350,000 passengers each day.
40. St Hedwig Cathedral
St Hedwig’s is a famous and a prominent Roman Catholic Cathedral situated on the Bebelplatz in Berlin. This Cathedral was built on the orders of ‘Frederick the Great’ of Prussia in 1773. It is often associated with the heroic actions taken in 1938 by the then cathedral’s canon, Bernhard Lichtenberg, who is remembered for his courageous stand against the persecution of the Jews. It was badly ruined during World War II and the interior was completely gutted by fire. Most of the exterior of the Cathedral has been restored to its former glory but the interior has been modernized.
41. Story of Berlin
The Story of Berlin is considered as one of the best tourist spots in Berlin. It is well said about this place that it is a great place to start your sightseeing in the German capital, as it presents to you a summary of the history of the city that you can appreciate as you see all the attractions Berlin has to offer. The museum showcases the history of Berlin about 800 years back to the founding of Berlin and takes you through each era up to the modern day. Sections include the Prussian era, Industrialization, the 1920s, the Nazis and the divided city. It is a normal museum but an interactive museum with multimedia presentations throughout, visiting this place will not bore you. It is indeed one of the best places to visit with the entire family.
42. Spandau Citadel
The Spandau Citadel is to be found in the north western area of Berlin. It was once a town in its own right but ultimately became included into Berlin and was built during 1559 and 1594 and restored a previous structure that can be traced back to the 1200s. It is one of Europe’s best preserved examples of a Renaissance fortress and was roughly damaged when Napoleon attacked and conquered it for the first time in 1806 and had to undergo a restoration. Luckily it was not that much damaged during World War II and much of the original is still intact.
43. Film Museum
Germany is indeed has a rich and diverse film history and at some point of time was considered to be a rival of Hollywood. As a result it is fitting that a museum has been dedicated to record its history. The famous Film Museum is located in the Sony Center at the Potsdamer Platz. The main collection covers about 1500 square meters and is collected of around sixteen rooms. Large screens are used to show images and films of movie greats. It places an emphasis on pre-World War II films and memorabilia and covers approximately 100 years of the film industry. The exhibition also includes contemporary cinema.
44.Federal Chancellery Building
Federal Chancellery Building is one of the newest and the most famous government buildings in Berlin. It is prominent modern building, contrasting with nearby historic landmarks. It is one of a complex of buildings located around the Reichstag, the seat of the German Parliament. It was constructed to house government institutions following the relocation of the German capital from Bonn to Berlin between 1991 and 1999. Sadly, because of the security reasons only politicians and government employees are allowed inside the Bundeskanzleramt. Visitors must be satisfied with snapping photos of the attractive structure from the outside.
45. Friedrichswerdersche Kirche
Friedrichswerdersche Kirche is located close to an island lying between two arms of the Spree River which is known as The Werder, it covers the location of the former Werderscher Market. It was the first neo-Gothic church in Berlin, Friedrichswerdersche Kirche and was designed by well-known local architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. It was constructed during 1824 and 1830. The church was named for Friedrich Wilhelm – The Great Elector – who served as Duke of Prussia from 1640 until his death in 1688. Schinkel’s clean, orderly style is found in many other Berlin structures designed by this architect, including several buildings on Museum Island. It is one of the favorite spots for tourist in Berlin.
46. Topography of Terror
The Topography of Terror archives the horrors and slaughter of the Nazis from the era 1933 to their fall in 1945. It is to be found close to the boundary between West Berlin and the former communist East Berlin and is closest to part of the Berlin Wall which was erected during the Cold War. During 1970s, these shells were excavated and revealed cellars which were used by the Nazis to torture imprison political prisoners and also functioned as the head quarter for the secret police.
47. Quartier 206
Quartier 206 is one of most exclusive department stores in Berlin and crammed with names such as Gucci and Louis Vuitton. This structure mostly houses fashion houses, along with cosmetic and jewelry stores. There are also some up market places to grab a bite to eat. It is situated on the well-known Friedrichstrasse, it is near a number of attractions like Check Point Charlie, and can be easily reached with public transport.
The nightlife of Berlin is also full of excitement and one of the best ways to chill out is to visit Berghain which is perhaps Berlin’s best known club, and as such has one of the most strict door policies in the city. This club is to be found in an old power plant in Friedrichshain that has been renovated extensively. The club is split into two quite separate areas – the Panoramabar on the second floor, and Berghain itself on the lower level. Top DJs often play up top, whereas the lower floor is full of dark rooms and tends to be more of the gay scene with techno/electro music.
49. New National Gallery
The New National Gallery was opened in the year 1968 to house an extensive collection of modern 20th century European art together with the sculpture. This unique structure was designed by Mies van der Rohe. It is often referred to as the ‘temple of light and glass’ due to the large expanse of glass used in the walls. Minimalistic steel frames support the structure. Most of the rooms in the 5000 square meter building are situated underground. Several different styles of art are represented which include styles in Surrealism, Expressionism, Cubism and the Bauhaus.
50. Stasi museum
The Stasi which is also known as Secret State Police Museum located in the Lichtenberg district of Berlin was used as the headquarters of the East German secret police. It was their work to collect intelligence, which involved secretly spying on their own people as well as international espionage. In 1990, an angry group of people attacked and overran the building, which led to the evacuation of the Stasi. Shortly afterwards, the building was converted into a political museum. The office of Erich Mielke, who was the Stasi minister for over three decades, was preserved.